Desert and Mountains

WafiThe coastal plains and rugged mountains of the southern Sinai add considerable interest to this eco-region.

The mountains of the St. Catherine area reach an elevation of 2,624 m, and their smooth granite slopes and near vertical faces contribute to the spectacular mountain scenery.

Deep gorges or wadis are a notable feature, with some containing water throughout the year.

The mountains are comprised of acid plutonic and volcanic rocks belonging to the Precambrian basement complex of the southern part of the Sinai Peninsula.